Cigar and male dating sites who is ed on bachelor pad dating
The vital status of study participants was determined for 12 years, through December 31, 1994. Two approaches were used to ascertain vital status.
RESULTS: Current cigar smoking at baseline, as compared with never smoking, was associated with an increased risk of death from cancers of the lung (RR = 5.1; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 4.0-6.6), oral cavity/pharynx (RR= 4.0 [95% CI = 1.5-10.3]), larynx (RR = 10.3[ 95% CI = 2.6-41.0]), and esophagus (RR = 1.8; 95% CI= 0.9-3.7).
Although current cigar smokers overall did not appear to be at an increased risk of death from cancer of the pancreas (RR = 1.3; 95% CI = 0.9-1.9) or bladder (RR = 1.0; 95% CI = 0.4-2.3), there was an increased risk for current cigar smokers who reported that they inhaled the smoke (for pancreas, RR = 2.7; 95% CI = 1.5-4.8; for bladder, RR = 3.6; 95% CI = 1.3-9.9).
At the completion of follow-up in December 1994, 400 290 men (78.7%) were alive, 107 248 (21.1%) had died, and 815 (0.2%) had follow-up truncated in September 1988 because of insufficient data for National Death Index linkage. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health; 1998.
Death certificates were obtained for 98.5% of all men known to have died.
Women could not be included in this analysis because they were not asked if they smoked cigars.
The median age of male participants in 1982 was 57 years; none were younger than 30 years of age. Women were not included because we had no data on their cigar use.We excluded men who ever smoked cigarettes or pipes and adjusted all rate ratio (RR) estimates for age, alcohol use, and use of snuff or chewing tobacco.Race, educational level, body mass index, diabetes, vitamin supplement use, exercise level, and vegetable/citrus fruit intake were also examined as potential confounders. However, adjustment for these factors had little effect on the risk estimates. There was no clear overall association between either current or former cigar smoking and pancreatic or bladder cancer mortality.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating